Scotia-Glenville Operating Plan, 2021-2022

Scotia-Glenville 2021-2022 Health-Safety Risk COVID-19 Layered Mitigation Protocol

Originally published: August 2021

The following document was developed by schools throughout the Capital Region in conjunction with the Capital Region BOCES.  Guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Schenectady County Public Health Services (SCPHS), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and NYS education department were utilized in its development.  The following provides a layered mitigation protocol chart detailing what will occur at each level of transmission.  The levels are defined as follows:

  • Low Transmission: Blue
  • Moderate Transmission: Yellow
  • Substantial Transmission: Orange
  • High Transmission: Red

The chart is a compilation of best practices and recommendations relative to the layered protection strategies that are recommended. Please note that the information provided may change as the district receives more guidance / recommendations throughout the school year.

Here is a guide to the Operating Plan Mitigation Protocols:

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Levels of Community Transmission Indicator Chart – CDC

Tiers of community transmission
Click to enlarge

Indicator – If the two indicators suggest different transmission levels, the higher level is selected.

—High Transmission Red—

  • Total new cases per 100,000 persons in the past 7 days: ≥ 100
  • Percentage of NAATs (NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TEST – COVID test) that are positive during the past 7 days: ≥ 10.0%

Substantial Transmission Orange

  • Total new cases per 100,000 persons in the past 7 days: 50 – 99.99
  • Percentage of NAATs (NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TEST – COVID test) that are positive during the past 7 days: 8 – 9.99%

Moderate Transmission Yellow

  • Total new cases per 100,000 persons in the past 7 days: 10 – 49.99
  • Percentage of NAATs (NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TEST – COVID test) that are positive during the past 7 days: 5 – 7.99%

Low Transmission Blue

  • Total new cases per 100,000 persons in the past 7 days: 0-9.99
  • Percentage of NAAT (NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TEST – COVID test)  that are positive during the past 7 days: 0 – 4.99%

        Resources for Monitoring Community Transmission
        ● Reference the COVID-19 Regional Metric Dashboard for information on new cases reported per 100,000 persons in the last 7 days at this link: https://forward.ny.gov/covid-19-regional-metrics-dashboard
        ● Reference the NYS COVID-19 Tracker at this link: https://covid19tracker.health.ny.gov for updated information about % positive COVID-19 case results.

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        Tiered Mitigation Advisory Chart


        1. Mitigation Protocol: COVID-19 Vaccines

        —High Community Transmission

        • Promote vaccinations among teachers, staff, families and eligible students.
        • Establish supportive policies that make getting vaccinated as easy and convenient as possible.
        • All eligible individuals (currently aged 12+) should be vaccinated.
        • Include information about vaccines in COVID-19 prevention training.
        • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

        Substantial Community Transmission

        • Promote vaccinations among teachers, staff, families and eligible students.
        • Establish supportive policies that make getting vaccinated as easy and convenient as possible.
        • All eligible individuals (currently aged 12+) should be vaccinated.
        • Include information about vaccines in COVID-19 prevention training.
        • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

        Moderate Community Transmission

        • Promote vaccinations among teachers, staff, families and eligible students.
        • Establish supportive policies that make getting vaccinated as easy and convenient as possible.
        • All eligible individuals (currently aged 12+) should be vaccinated.
        • Include information about vaccines in COVID-19 prevention training.
        • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

        Low Community Transmission

        • Promote vaccinations among teachers, staff, families and eligible students.
        • Establish supportive policies that make getting vaccinated as easy and convenient as possible.
        • All eligible individuals (currently aged 12+) should be vaccinated.
        • Include information about vaccines in COVID-19 prevention training.

              NYSED Guidance

              • Use vaccination status information, consistent with applicable laws, to inform prevention strategies.
              • Documentation of vaccination status should be collected and secured as with other health information.

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              2. Mitigation Protocol: COVID-19 Screening Testing

              —High Community Transmission

              For all who are not fully vaccinated:

              • Offer screening testing for students, teachers and staff who are not fully vaccinated at least once per week.
              • Offer testing to students who have not been fully vaccinated when community transmission rates are moderate, substantial, or high.

              For fully vaccinated people:

              • Fully vaccinated people do not need to participate in screening testing and do not need to quarantine if they do not have any symptoms.

              General Info

              • Testing should be at least once per week with rapid results (24 hrs).
              • Multiple test strategies may be overlapped to enhance detection efforts.
              • Decisions regarding screening testing may be made at the state or local level.
              • Screening testing may be most valuable in areas with substantial or high community transmission levels, in areas with low vaccination coverage, and in schools where other prevention strategies are not implemented.
              • K-12 schools should obtain parental consent for minor students and assent/consent for students themselves.

              Substantial Community Transmission

              For all who are not fully vaccinated:

              • Offer screening testing for students, teachers and staff who are not fully vaccinated at least once per week.
              • Offer testing to students who have not been fully vaccinated when community transmission rates are moderate, substantial, or high.

              For fully vaccinated people:

              • Fully vaccinated people do not need to participate in screening testing and do not need to quarantine if they do not have any symptoms.

              General Info

                • Testing should be at least once per week with rapid results (24 hrs).
                • Multiple test strategies may be overlapped to enhance detection efforts.
                • Decisions regarding screening testing may be made at the state or local level.
                • Screening testing may be most valuable in areas with substantial or high community transmission levels, in areas with low vaccination coverage, and in schools where other prevention strategies are not implemented.
                • K-12 schools should obtain parental consent for minor students and assent/consent for students themselves.
                • Guidance to be considered for moderate to high levels of community transmission.

              Moderate Community Transmission

              For all who are not fully vaccinated:

              • Offer screening testing for students, teachers and staff who are not fully vaccinated at least once per week.
              • Offer testing to students who have not been fully vaccinated when community transmission rates are moderate, substantial, or high.

              For fully vaccinated people:

              • Fully vaccinated people do not need to participate in screening testing and do not need to quarantine if they do not have any symptoms.

              General Info

              • Testing should be at least once per week with rapid results (24 hrs).
              • Multiple test strategies may be overlapped to enhance detection efforts.
              • Decisions regarding screening testing may be made at the state or local level.
              • Screening testing may be most valuable in areas with substantial or high community transmission levels, in areas with low vaccination coverage, and in schools where other prevention strategies are not implemented.
              • K-12 schools should obtain parental consent for minor students and assent/consent for students themselves.

              Low Community Transmission

              For students:

              • Do not need to screen students.

              Teachers/staff:

              • Screening testing should be offered to all teachers and staff who have not been fully vaccinated at any transmission level. Screening program should test at least once per week, and rapidly (within 24 hours) report results.
              • Screening testing more than once a week might be more effective at interrupting transmission.
              • General info:
                Consider multiple screening testing strategies. For example, testing a random sample of at least 10% of students who are not fully vaccinated, or conducting pooled testing of cohorts.

                      NYSED Guidance

                      • Verify that you have or obtain a Limited Service Laboratory Certificate (LSL).
                      • If you previously performed testing under a local health department’s LSL, verify that you can continue to test under the LHD’s LSL.
                      • Check with the local BOCES to see if testing assistance service is available.

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                      3. Mitigation Protocol: Facemasks (indoors/outdoors)

                      —High Community Transmission

                      Indoors:

                      • Universal indoor masking by all students (age 2 and older), staff, teachers, and visitors to K-12 schools, regardless of vaccination status, due to the circulating and highly contagious Delta variant.

                      General Information:

                      • Mask and physically distance. Maintain at least 3 feet of physical distance between students within classrooms, combined with indoor mask wearing to reduce transmission risk.
                      • Mask use by all students, teachers, staff, and visitors is particularly important when physical distance cannot be maintained.
                      • Fully vaccinated people may choose to mask if they or someone in their household is immunocompromised.
                      • Schools that do not have a universal mask requirement could require masking by students, teachers, and staff if they are experiencing onset of upper respiratory infection symptoms at school while waiting to be picked up or leave the school.

                      Food Service:

                      • Food service staff should wear masks at all times during meal preparation and service, and during breaks except when eating or drinking.

                      Recess/Phys. Ed.:

                      • Universal masking is recommended during indoor physical education or recess.

                      Health office:

                      • Where N95 respirators are used, persons must meet current OSHA standard requirements.

                      Transportation:

                      • Passengers and drivers must wear a mask on school buses, including on buses operated by public and private school systems, regardless of vaccination status, subject to the exclusions and exemptions in CDC’s Order.
                      • Schools should provide masks to those students who need them (including on buses), such as students who forgot to bring their mask or whose families are unable to afford them.
                      • No disciplinary action should be taken against a student who does not have a mask.

                      Outdoors:

                      • People do not need to wear masks.
                      • Unvaccinated people should wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings or during activities that involve sustained close contact with other people who are not fully vaccinated.

                      Training:

                      • Train employees to wear masks consistently and correctly indoors and when physical distancing cannot be maintained.
                      • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                      Substantial Community Transmission

                      Indoors:

                      • Universal indoor masking by all students (age 2 and older), staff, teachers, and visitors to K-12 schools, regardless of vaccination status, due to the circulating and highly contagious Delta variant.

                      General Information:

                      • Mask and physically distance. Maintain at least 3 feet of physical distance between students within classrooms, combined with indoor mask wearing to reduce transmission risk.
                      • Mask use by all students, teachers, staff, and visitors is particularly important when physical distance cannot be maintained.
                      • Fully vaccinated people may choose to mask if they or someone in their household is immunocompromised.
                      • Schools that do not have a universal mask requirement could require masking by students, teachers, and staff if they are experiencing onset of upper respiratory infection symptoms at school while waiting to be picked up or leave the school.

                      Food Service:

                      • Food service staff should wear masks at all times during meal preparation and service, and during breaks except when eating or drinking.

                      Recess/Phys. Ed.:

                      • Universal masking is recommended during indoor physical education or recess.

                      Health office:

                      • Where N95 respirators are used, persons must meet current OSHA standard requirements.

                      Transportation:

                      • Passengers and drivers must wear a mask on school buses, including on buses operated by public and private school systems, regardless of vaccination status, subject to the exclusions and exemptions in CDC’s Order.
                      • Schools should provide masks to those students who need them (including on buses), such as students who forgot to bring their mask or whose families are unable to afford them.
                      • No disciplinary action should be taken against a student who does not have a mask.

                      Outdoors:

                      • People do not need to wear masks.
                      • Unvaccinated people should wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings or during activities that involve sustained close contact with other people who are not fully vaccinated.

                      Training:

                      • Train employees to wear masks consistently and correctly indoors and when physical distancing cannot be maintained.
                      • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                      Moderate Community Transmission

                      Indoors:

                      • Universal indoor masking by all students (age 2 and older), staff, teachers, and visitors to K-12 schools, regardless of vaccination status, due to the circulating and highly contagious Delta variant.

                      General Information:

                      • Mask and physically distance. Maintain at least 3 feet of physical distance between students within classrooms, combined with indoor mask wearing to reduce transmission risk.
                      • Mask use by all students, teachers, staff, and visitors is particularly important when physical distance cannot be maintained.
                      • Fully vaccinated people may choose to mask if they or someone in their household is immunocompromised.
                      • Schools that do not have a universal mask requirement could require masking by students, teachers, and staff if they are experiencing onset of upper respiratory infection symptoms at school while waiting to be picked up or leave the school.

                      Food Service:

                      • Food service staff should wear masks at all times during meal preparation and service, and during breaks except when eating or drinking.

                      Recess/Phys. Ed.:

                      • Universal masking is recommended during indoor physical education or recess.

                      Health office:

                      • Where N95 respirators are used, persons must meet current OSHA standard requirements.

                      Transportation:

                      • Passengers and drivers must wear a mask on school buses, including on buses operated by public and private school systems, regardless of vaccination status, subject to the exclusions and exemptions in CDC’s Order.
                      • Schools should provide masks to those students who need them (including on buses), such as students who forgot to bring their mask or whose families are unable to afford them.
                      • No disciplinary action should be taken against a student who does not have a mask.

                      Outdoors:

                      • People do not need to wear masks.
                      • Unvaccinated people should wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings or during activities that involve sustained close contact with other people who are not fully vaccinated.

                      Training:

                      • Train employees to wear masks consistently and correctly indoors and when physical distancing cannot be maintained.
                      • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                      Low Community Transmission

                      Indoors:

                      • Universal indoor masking by all students (age 2 and older), staff, teachers, and visitors to K-12 schools, regardless of vaccination status, due to the circulating and highly contagious Delta variant.
                      • Students may remove masks when seated.

                      General Information:

                      • Mask and physically distance. Maintain at least 3 feet of physical distance between students within classrooms, combined with indoor mask wearing to reduce transmission risk.
                      • Mask use by all students, teachers, staff, and visitors is particularly important when physical distance cannot be maintained.
                      • Fully vaccinated people may choose to mask if they or someone in their household is immunocompromised.
                      • Schools that do not have a universal mask requirement could require masking by students, teachers, and staff if they are experiencing onset of upper respiratory infection symptoms at school while waiting to be picked up or leave the school.

                      Food Service:

                      • Food service staff should wear masks at all times during meal preparation and service, and during breaks except when eating or drinking.

                      Recess/Phys. Ed.:

                      • Universal masking is recommended during indoor physical education or recess.

                      Health office:

                      • Where N95 respirators are used, persons must meet current OSHA standard requirements.

                      Transportation:

                      • Passengers and drivers must wear a mask on school buses, including on buses operated by public and private school systems, regardless of vaccination status, subject to the exclusions and exemptions in CDC’s Order.
                      • Schools should provide masks to those students who need them (including on buses), such as students who forgot to bring their mask or whose families are unable to afford them.
                      • No disciplinary action should be taken against a student who does not have a mask.

                      Outdoors:

                      • People do not need to wear masks.
                      • Unvaccinated people should wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings or during activities that involve sustained close contact with other people who are not fully vaccinated.

                      Training:

                      • Train employees to wear masks consistently and correctly indoors and when physical distancing cannot be maintained.

                        NYSED Guidance

                        • Schools should have a sufficient supply of masks for students and staff who forget their own or need a replacement.
                        • If requiring mask wearing, consider reasonable accommodations for individuals who are unable to wear or have difficulty wearing certain masks due to disability.
                        • Consider workplace safety standards.

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                        4. Mitigation Protocol: Monitoring Community and School-Based Transmission

                        —High Community Transmission

                        • Monitor community transmission, vaccination coverage, screening testing, and occurrence of outbreaks to guide decisions on the level of layered prevention strategies.
                        • Consult with local health officials.
                        • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                        Substantial Community Transmission

                        • Monitor community transmission, vaccination coverage, screening testing, and occurrence of outbreaks to guide decisions on the level of layered prevention strategies.
                        • Consult with local health officials.
                        • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                        Moderate Community Transmission

                        • Monitor community transmission, vaccination coverage, screening testing, and occurrence of outbreaks to guide decisions on the level of layered prevention strategies.
                        • Consult with local health officials.
                        • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                        Low Community Transmission

                        • Monitor community transmission, vaccination coverage, screening testing, and occurrence of outbreaks to guide decisions on the level of layered prevention strategies.
                        • Consult with local health officials

                              NYSED Guidance

                              Monitor:

                              • Level of COVID-19 transmission in the community at large.
                              • Level of transmission in the school community.
                              • Vaccination coverage rates in the community at large
                              • Vaccination rates in the school community.
                              • Screening testing within the school.
                              • Occurrence of outbreaks.

                              Consult with local health officials to guide decisions on the level of layered prevention strategies.

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                              5. Mitigation Protocol: Physical Distancing

                              —High Community Transmission

                              Student to Student:

                              • Maintain at least 3 feet of physical distance between students within classrooms to reduce transmission risk.

                              Adult to Student:

                              • Keep at least 6 feet between students and teachers/staff.

                              Between those not fully vaccinated:

                              • Keep at least 6 feet between teachers/staff who are not fully vaccinated.

                              General Info:

                              • Implement physical distancing to the extent possible within structures but do not exclude students from in- person learning to keep a minimum distance requirement.
                              • When it is not possible to maintain a physical distance of at least 3 feet, (e.g. when schools cannot fully re- open with these distances, layer multiple other prevention strategies, such as screening testing.
                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                              Substantial Community Transmission

                              Student to Student:

                              • Maintain at least 3 feet of physical distance between students within classrooms to reduce transmission risk.

                              Adult to Student:

                              • Keep at least 6 feet between students and teachers/staff.

                              Between those not fully vaccinated:

                              • Keep at least 6 feet between teachers/staff who are not fully vaccinated.

                              General Info:

                              • Implement physical distancing to the extent possible within structures but do not exclude students from in- person learning to keep a minimum distance requirement.
                              • When it is not possible to maintain a physical distance of at least 3 feet, (e.g. when schools cannot fully re- open with these distances, layer multiple other prevention strategies, such as screening testing.
                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                              Moderate Community Transmission

                              Student to Student:

                              • Maintain at least 3 feet of physical distance between students within classrooms to reduce transmission risk.

                              Adult to Student:

                              • Keep at least 6 feet between students and teachers/staff.

                              Between those not fully vaccinated:

                              • Keep at least 6 feet between teachers/staff who are not fully vaccinated.

                              General Info:

                              • Implement physical distancing to the extent possible within structures but do not exclude students from in- person learning to keep a minimum distance requirement.
                              • When it is not possible to maintain a physical distance of at least 3 feet, (e.g. when schools cannot fully re- open with these distances, layer multiple other prevention strategies, such as screening testing.
                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                              Low Community Transmission

                              Student to Student:

                              • Maintain at least 3 feet of physical distance between students within classrooms to reduce transmission risk.

                              Adult to Student:

                              • Keep at least 6 feet between students and teachers/staff.

                              Between those not fully vaccinated:

                              • Keep at least 6 feet between teachers/staff who are not fully vaccinated.

                              General Info:

                              • Implement physical distancing to the extent possible within structures but do not exclude students from in- person learning to keep a minimum distance requirement.
                              • When it is not possible to maintain a physical distance of at least 3 feet, (e.g. when schools cannot fully re- open with these distances, layer multiple other prevention strategies, such as screening testing.

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                                    6. Mitigation Protocol: School Visitors

                                    —High Community Transmission

                                    General Info:

                                    • Limit nonessential visitors, volunteers, and activities involving external groups/ organizations in areas where there is moderate to high COVID-19community transmission.

                                    Do not limit access for direct service providers, but can ensure compliance with school visitor policies.

                                    For Illness:

                                    • Emphasize the importance of staying home when sick. Visitors, who have symptoms of infectious illness, such as flu or COVID-19, should stay home and seek testing and care, regardless of vaccination status.
                                    • Guidance to be considered for moderate to high levels of community transmission.

                                    Substantial Community Transmission

                                    General Info:

                                    • Limit nonessential visitors, volunteers, and activities involving external groups/ organizations in areas where there is moderate to high COVID-19community transmission.

                                    Do not limit access for direct service providers, but can ensure compliance with school visitor policies.

                                    For Illness:

                                    • Emphasize the importance of staying home when sick. Visitors, who have symptoms of infectious illness, such as flu or COVID-19, should stay home and seek testing and care, regardless of vaccination status.
                                    • Guidance to be considered for moderate to high levels of community transmission.

                                    Moderate Community Transmission

                                    General Info:

                                    • Limit nonessential visitors, volunteers, and activities involving external groups/ organizations in areas where there is moderate to high COVID-19community transmission.

                                    Do not limit access for direct service providers, but can ensure compliance with school visitor policies.

                                    For Illness:

                                    • Emphasize the importance of staying home when sick. Visitors, who have symptoms of infectious illness, such as flu or COVID-19, should stay home and seek testing and care, regardless of vaccination status.

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                                      7. Mitigation Protocol: Handwashing, Hand Sanitizer, and Respiratory Etiquette

                                      —High Community Transmission

                                      • All individuals should practice routine handwashing and respiratory
                                      • Absent handwashing, use hand

                                      Training:

                                      • Educate persons in how to appropriately hand wash and perform proper respiratory etiquette.
                                      • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                      Substantial Community Transmission

                                      • All individuals should practice routine handwashing and respiratory
                                      • Absent handwashing, use hand

                                      Training:

                                      • Educate persons in how to appropriately hand wash and perform proper respiratory etiquette.
                                      • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                      Moderate Community Transmission

                                      • All individuals should practice routine handwashing and respiratory
                                      • Absent handwashing, use hand

                                      Training:

                                      • Educate persons in how to appropriately hand wash and perform proper respiratory etiquette.
                                      • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                      Low Community Transmission

                                      • All individuals should practice routine handwashing and respiratory
                                      • Absent handwashing, use hand

                                      Training:

                                      • Educate persons in how to appropriately hand wash and perform proper respiratory etiquette.

                                            NYSED Guidance

                                            • Cover coughs and sneezes to prevent spread of COVID-19.
                                            • Encourage good hand hygiene.

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                                            8. Mitigation Protocol: Quarantine and Isolation

                                            —High Community Transmission

                                            For Fully Vaccinated:

                                            • Vaccinated, asymptomatic individuals in close contact with a confirmed COVID- 19 positive do not need to They can continue to attend school in- person and participate in other activities.
                                            • Fully vaccinated people who have a known exposure to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID- 19 should be tested 3-5 days after exposure, regardless of whether they have

                                            For Unvaccinated:

                                            • Unvaccinated individuals in close contact with a confirmed COVID- 19 positive should be isolated/quarantin ed.
                                            • Consult with local health officials for additional guidance.
                                            • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                            Substantial Community Transmission

                                            For Fully Vaccinated:

                                            • Vaccinated, asymptomatic individuals in close contact with a confirmed COVID- 19 positive do not need to They can continue to attend school in- person and participate in other activities.
                                            • Fully vaccinated people who have a known exposure to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID- 19 should be tested 3-5 days after exposure, regardless of whether they have

                                            For Unvaccinated:

                                            • Unvaccinated individuals in close contact with a confirmed COVID- 19 positive should be isolated/quarantin ed.
                                            • Consult with local health officials for additional guidance.
                                            • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                            Moderate Community Transmission

                                            For Fully Vaccinated:

                                            • Vaccinated, asymptomatic individuals in close contact with a confirmed COVID- 19 positive do not need to They can continue to attend school in- person and participate in other activities.
                                            • Fully vaccinated people who have a known exposure to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID- 19 should be tested 3-5 days after exposure, regardless of whether they have

                                            For Unvaccinated:

                                            • Unvaccinated individuals in close contact with a confirmed COVID- 19 positive should be isolated/quarantin ed.
                                            • Consult with local health officials for additional guidance.
                                            • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                            Low Community Transmission

                                            For Fully Vaccinated:

                                            • Vaccinated, asymptomatic individuals in close contact with a confirmed COVID- 19 positive do not need to They can continue to attend school in- person and participate in other activities.
                                            • Fully vaccinated people who have a known exposure to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID- 19 should be tested 3-5 days after exposure, regardless of whether they have

                                            For Unvaccinated:

                                            • Unvaccinated individuals in close contact with a confirmed COVID- 19 positive should be isolated/quarantin ed.
                                            • Consult with local health officials for additional guidance.

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                                                  9. Mitigation Protocol: Staying Home When Sick (Staff and Students)

                                                  —High Community Transmission

                                                  General information:

                                                  • Students, teachers, and staff should stay home when they have signs of any infectious illness and be referred to their healthcare provider for testing and care.
                                                  • Schools should also allow flexible, non-punitive, and supportive paid sick leave policies and practices that encourage sick workers to stay home without fear of retaliation, loss of pay, or loss of employment level and provide excused absences for students who are sick.
                                                  • Employers should ensure that workers are aware of and understand sick leave policies.

                                                  Training:

                                                  • Educate teachers, staff and families about when they should stay home and when they can return to school. Include stay home when sick protocols in COVID-19 prevention plans.
                                                  • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                  Substantial Community Transmission

                                                  General information:

                                                  • Students, teachers, and staff should stay home when they have signs of any infectious illness and be referred to their healthcare provider for testing and care.
                                                  • Schools should also allow flexible, non-punitive, and supportive paid sick leave policies and practices that encourage sick workers to stay home without fear of retaliation, loss of pay, or loss of employment level and provide excused absences for students who are sick.
                                                  • Employers should ensure that workers are aware of and understand sick leave policies.

                                                  Training:

                                                  • Educate teachers, staff and families about when they should stay home and when they can return to school. Include stay home when sick protocols in COVID-19 prevention plans.
                                                  • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                  Moderate Community Transmission

                                                  General information:

                                                  • Students, teachers, and staff should stay home when they have signs of any infectious illness and be referred to their healthcare provider for testing and care.
                                                  • Schools should also allow flexible, non-punitive, and supportive paid sick leave policies and practices that encourage sick workers to stay home without fear of retaliation, loss of pay, or loss of employment level and provide excused absences for students who are sick.
                                                  • Employers should ensure that workers are aware of and understand sick leave policies.

                                                  Training:

                                                  • Educate teachers, staff and families about when they should stay home and when they can return to school. Include stay home when sick protocols in COVID-19 prevention plans.
                                                  • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                  Low Community Transmission

                                                  General information:

                                                  • Students, teachers, and staff should stay home when they have signs of any infectious illness and be referred to their healthcare provider for testing and care.
                                                  • Schools should also allow flexible, non-punitive, and supportive paid sick leave policies and practices that encourage sick workers to stay home without fear of retaliation, loss of pay, or loss of employment level and provide excused absences for students who are sick.
                                                  • Employers should ensure that workers are aware of and understand sick leave policies.

                                                  Training:

                                                  • Educate teachers, staff and families about when they should stay home and when they can return to school. Include stay home when sick protocols in COVID-19 prevention plans.

                                                  NYSED Guidance

                                                  • Parents and guardians should screen for COVID-19 symptoms prior to children attending school each day.
                                                  • Schools should encourage people with symptoms to get tested.
                                                  • Follow Education Law § 906.
                                                  • Follow the CDC decision making flowchart for when a student becomes sick or reports a COVID-19 diagnosis at school.

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                                                      10. Mitigation Protocol: Return to School/Work Protocols (following illness)

                                                      —High Community Transmission

                                                      •  Ill student(s) can return to school and end isolation once the following are met:
                                                        • 10 days out from the start of the symptoms, AND
                                                        • Fever free for 24 hours without fever reducing medication, AND
                                                        • Symptoms have improved.
                                                      • Return to school according to local health officials guidance or from the school physician.
                                                      • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                      Substantial Community Transmission

                                                      •  Ill student(s) can return to school and end isolation once the following are met:
                                                        • 10 days out from the start of the symptoms, AND
                                                        • Fever free for 24 hours without fever reducing medication, AND
                                                        • Symptoms have improved.
                                                      • Return to school according to local health officials guidance or from the school physician.
                                                      • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                      Moderate Community Transmission

                                                      •  Ill student(s) can return to school and end isolation once the following are met:
                                                        • 10 days out from the start of the symptoms, AND
                                                        • Fever free for 24 hours without fever reducing medication, AND
                                                        • Symptoms have improved.
                                                      • Return to school according to local health officials guidance or from the school physician.
                                                      • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                      Low Community Transmission

                                                      •  Ill student(s) can return to school and end isolation once the following are met:
                                                        • 10 days out from the start of the symptoms, AND
                                                        • Fever free for 24 hours without fever reducing medication, AND
                                                        • Symptoms have improved.
                                                      • Return to school according to local health officials guidance or from the school physician.

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                                                            11. Mitigation Protocol: Cleaning and Disinfection

                                                            —High Community Transmission

                                                            When there are confirmed/suspect COVID-19 cases:

                                                            • If a facility has had a sick person or someone who tested positive for COVID-19 within the last 24 hours, clean AND disinfect the space.

                                                            Enhanced cleaning/ disinfection:

                                                            • Either clean more frequently or choose to disinfect (in addition to cleaning).
                                                            • Conduct enhanced cleaning In shared spaces with high traffic or frequently touched surfaces.
                                                            • Conduct enhanced cleaning when conditions increase the risk of infection from touching surfaces:
                                                              • High community transmission level.
                                                              • Low community vaccination rates.
                                                              • Infrequent use of other prevention measures (mask wearing among unvaccinated people or hand hygiene).
                                                              • The space is occupied by people at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19.
                                                            • Guidance to be considered for moderate to high levels of community transmission.

                                                            Substantial Community Transmission

                                                            When there are confirmed/suspect COVID-19 cases:

                                                            • If a facility has had a sick person or someone who tested positive for COVID-19 within the last 24 hours, clean AND disinfect the space.

                                                            Enhanced cleaning/ disinfection:

                                                            • Either clean more frequently or choose to disinfect (in addition to cleaning).
                                                            • Conduct enhanced cleaning In shared spaces with high traffic or frequently touched surfaces.
                                                            • Conduct enhanced cleaning when conditions increase the risk of infection from touching surfaces:
                                                              • High community transmission level.
                                                              • Low community vaccination rates.
                                                              • Infrequent use of other prevention measures (mask wearing among unvaccinated people or hand hygiene).
                                                              • The space is occupied by people at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19.
                                                            • Guidance to be considered for moderate to high levels of community transmission.

                                                            Moderate Community Transmission

                                                            When there are confirmed/suspect COVID-19 cases:

                                                            • If a facility has had a sick person or someone who tested positive for COVID-19 within the last 24 hours, clean AND disinfect the space.

                                                            Enhanced cleaning/ disinfection:

                                                            • Either clean more frequently or choose to disinfect (in addition to cleaning).
                                                            • Conduct enhanced cleaning In shared spaces with high traffic or frequently touched surfaces.
                                                            • Conduct enhanced cleaning when conditions increase the risk of infection from touching surfaces:
                                                              • High community transmission level.
                                                              • Low community vaccination rates.
                                                              • Infrequent use of other prevention measures (mask wearing among unvaccinated people or hand hygiene).
                                                              • The space is occupied by people at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19.

                                                            Low Community Transmission

                                                            When no confirmed/suspected COVID-19 cases:

                                                            • Cleaning once a day in spaces is usually enough to sufficiently remove virus that may be on surfaces and help maintain a healthy facility.
                                                            • Consider maintaining cleaning and disinfection logs to inform teachers and staff of prevention measures in place.

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                                                              12. Mitigation Protocol: Cafeterias, Food Service and School Meals

                                                              —High Community Transmission

                                                              Masking:

                                                              • Staff should wear masks at all times during meal preparation and service, and during breaks except when eating or drinking.
                                                              • Students should wear masks when moving through the food service line.

                                                              Physical Distancing:

                                                              • Maximize physical distance as much as possible when moving through the food service line and while eating (especially indoors).
                                                              • Use additional spaces outside of the cafeteria for mealtime seatingsuch as the gymnasium or outdoor seating to facilitate distancing.
                                                              • Students should not be excluded from in-person learning to keep a minimum distance requirement, including during mealtimes.

                                                              Cleaning:

                                                              • Clean frequently touched surfaces. Surfaces that come in contact with food should be washed, rinsed, and sanitized before and after meals.

                                                              General Information:

                                                              • Given very low risk of transmission from surfaces and shared objects, there is no need to limit food service approaches to single use items and packaged meals.

                                                              Hand hygiene:

                                                              • Promote hand washing before, after, and during shifts, before and after eating, after using the toilet, and after handling garbage, dirty dishes, or removing gloves.

                                                              Ventilation:

                                                              • Improve ventilation in food preparation, service, and seating areas.
                                                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                              Substantial Community Transmission

                                                              Masking:

                                                              • Staff should wear masks at all times during meal preparation and service, and during breaks except when eating or drinking.
                                                              • Students should wear masks when moving through the food service line.

                                                              Physical Distancing:

                                                              • Maximize physical distance as much as possible when moving through the food service line and while eating (especially indoors).
                                                              • Use additional spaces outside of the cafeteria for mealtime seating such as the gymnasium or outdoor seating to facilitate distancing.
                                                              • Students should not be excluded from in-person learning to keep a minimum distance requirement, including during mealtimes.

                                                              Cleaning:

                                                              • Clean frequently touched surfaces. Surfaces that come in contact with food should be washed, rinsed, and sanitized before and after meals.

                                                              General Information:

                                                              • Given very low risk of transmission from surfaces and shared objects, there is no need to limit food service approaches to single use items and packaged meals.

                                                              Hand hygiene:

                                                              • Promote hand washing before, after, and during shifts, before and after eating, after using the toilet, and after handling garbage, dirty dishes, or removing gloves.

                                                              Ventilation:

                                                              • Improve ventilation in food preparation, service, and seating areas.
                                                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                              Moderate Community Transmission

                                                              Masking:

                                                              • Staff should wear masks at all times during meal preparation and service, and during breaks except when eating or drinking.
                                                              • Students should wear masks when moving through the food service line.

                                                              Physical Distancing:

                                                              • Maximize physical distance as much as possible when moving through the food service line and while eating (especially indoors).
                                                              • Use additional spaces outside of the cafeteria for mealtime seatingsuch as the gymnasium or outdoor seating to facilitate distancing.
                                                              • Students should not be excluded from in-person learning to keep a minimum distance requirement, including during mealtimes.

                                                              Cleaning:

                                                              • Clean frequently touched surfaces. Surfaces that come in contact with food should be washed, rinsed, and sanitized before and after meals.

                                                              General Information:

                                                              • Given very low risk of transmission from surfaces and shared objects, there is no need to limit food service approaches to single use items and packaged meals.

                                                              Hand hygiene:

                                                              • Promote hand washing before, after, and during shifts, before and after eating, after using the toilet, and after handling garbage, dirty dishes, or removing gloves.

                                                              Ventilation:

                                                              • Improve ventilation in food preparation, service, and seating areas.
                                                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                              Low Community Transmission

                                                              Masking:

                                                              • Staff should wear masks at all times during meal preparation and service, and during breaks except when eating or drinking.
                                                              • Students should wear masks when moving through the food service line.

                                                              Physical Distancing:

                                                              • Maximize physical distance as much as possible when moving through the food service line and while eating (especially indoors).
                                                              • Use additional spaces outside of the cafeteria for mealtime seatingsuch as the gymnasium or outdoor seating to facilitate distancing.
                                                              • Students should not be excluded from in-person learning to keep a minimum distance requirement, including during mealtimes.

                                                              Cleaning:

                                                              Clean frequently touched surfaces. Surfaces that come in contact with food should be washed, rinsed, and sanitized before and after meals.

                                                              General Information:

                                                              • Given very low risk of transmission from surfaces and shared objects, there is no need to limit food service approaches to single use items and packaged meals.

                                                              Hand hygiene:

                                                              • Promote hand washing before, after, and during shifts, before and after eating, after using the toilet, and after handling garbage, dirty dishes, or removing gloves.

                                                              Ventilation:

                                                              • Improve ventilation in food preparation, service, and seating areas.

                                                              NYSED Guidance

                                                              • Permitting large groups of students to eat in the cafeteria should be based on level of community transmission.

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                                                                  13. Mitigation Protocol: Recess and Physical Education (Outdoors)

                                                                  —High Community Transmission

                                                                  Masking:

                                                                  • People do not need to wear masks when outdoors (e.g., participating in outdoor play, recess, and physical education activities).
                                                                  • People who are not fully vaccinated should wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings or during activities that involve sustained close contact with other people.
                                                                  • Fully vaccinated people might choose to wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings if they or someone in their household is immunocompromised.
                                                                  • Universal masking is recommended during indoor physical education or recess.

                                                                  Risk factors for unvaccinated people:

                                                                  • Setting of the event or activity.
                                                                  • Physical closeness.
                                                                  • Number of people.
                                                                  • Level of intensity of activity.
                                                                  • Duration of time.
                                                                  • Presence of people at increased risk.
                                                                  • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                  Substantial Community Transmission

                                                                  Masking:

                                                                  • People do not need to wear masks when outdoors (e.g., participating in outdoor play, recess, and physical education activities).
                                                                  • People who are not fully vaccinated should wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings or during activities that involve sustained close contact with other people.
                                                                  • Fully vaccinated people might choose to wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings if they or someone in their household is immunocompromised.
                                                                  • Universal masking is recommended during indoor physical education or recess.

                                                                  Risk factors for unvaccinated people:

                                                                  • Setting of the event or activity.
                                                                  • Physical closeness.
                                                                  • Number of people.
                                                                  • Level of intensity of activity.
                                                                  • Duration of time.
                                                                  • Presence of people at increased risk.
                                                                  • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                  Moderate Community Transmission

                                                                  Masking:

                                                                  • People do not need to wear masks when outdoors (e.g., participating in outdoor play, recess, and physical education activities).
                                                                  • People who are not fully vaccinated should wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings or during activities that involve sustained close contact with other people.
                                                                  • Fully vaccinated people might choose to wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings if they or someone in their household is immunocompromised.
                                                                  • Universal masking is recommended during indoor physical education or recess.

                                                                  Risk factors for unvaccinated people:

                                                                  • Setting of the event or activity.
                                                                  • Physical closeness.
                                                                  • Number of people.
                                                                  • Level of intensity of activity.
                                                                  • Duration of time.
                                                                  • Presence of people at increased risk.
                                                                  • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                  Low Community Transmission

                                                                  Masking:

                                                                  • People do not need to wear masks when outdoors (e.g., participating in outdoor play, recess, and physical education activities).
                                                                  • People who are not fully vaccinated should wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings or during activities that involve sustained close contact with other people.
                                                                  • Fully vaccinated people might choose to wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings if they or someone in their household is immunocompromised.
                                                                  • Universal masking is recommended during indoor physical education or recess.

                                                                  Risk factors for unvaccinated people:

                                                                  • Setting of the event or activity.
                                                                  • Physical closeness.
                                                                  • Number of people.
                                                                  • Level of intensity of activity.
                                                                  • Duration of time.
                                                                  • Presence of people at increased risk.

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                                                                        14. Mitigation Protocol: Ventilation and Air Quality

                                                                        —High Community Transmission

                                                                        General Information:

                                                                        • Increase ventilation, bring additional fresh outdoor air into buildings to keep virus particles from concentrating inside.
                                                                        • Open windows and doors, using child-safe fans to increase the effectiveness of open windows.
                                                                        • Fans should be used to exhaust air from the room and so as not to blow on any one individual.
                                                                        • Make changes to the HVAC or air filtration systems.Transportation
                                                                        • Open or crack windows in buses and other forms of transportation, if doing so does not pose a safety risk.
                                                                        • Keeping windows open a few inches improves air circulation.
                                                                        • Open roof hatches if they are available.
                                                                        • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                        Substantial Community Transmission

                                                                        General Information:

                                                                        • Increase ventilation, bring additional fresh outdoor air into buildings to keep virus particles from concentrating inside.
                                                                        • Open windows and doors, using child-safe fans to increase the effectiveness of open windows.
                                                                        • Fans should be used to exhaust air from the room and so as not to blow on any one individual.
                                                                        • Make changes to the HVAC or air filtration systems.Transportation
                                                                        • Open or crack windows in buses and other forms of transportation, if doing so does not pose a safety risk.
                                                                        • Keeping windows open a few inches improves air circulation.
                                                                        • Open roof hatches if they are available.
                                                                        • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                        Moderate Community Transmission

                                                                        General Information:

                                                                        • Increase ventilation, bring additional fresh outdoor air into buildings to keep virus particles from concentrating inside.
                                                                        • Open windows and doors, using child-safe fans to increase the effectiveness of open windows.
                                                                        • Fans should be used to exhaust air from the room and so as not to blow on any one individual.
                                                                        • Make changes to the HVAC or air filtration systems.Transportation
                                                                        • Open or crack windows in buses and other forms of transportation, if doing so does not pose a safety risk.
                                                                        • Keeping windows open a few inches improves air circulation.
                                                                        • Open roof hatches if they are available.
                                                                        • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                        Low Community Transmission

                                                                        General Information:

                                                                        • Increase ventilation, bring additional fresh outdoor air into buildings to keep virus particles from concentrating inside.
                                                                        • Open windows and doors, using child-safe fans to increase the effectiveness of open windows.
                                                                        • Fans should be used to exhaust air from the room and so as not to blow on any one individual.
                                                                        • Make changes to the HVAC or air filtration systems.Transportation
                                                                        • Open or crack windows in buses and other forms of transportation, if doing so does not pose a safety risk.
                                                                        • Keeping windows open a few inches improves air circulation.
                                                                        • Open roof hatches if they are available.

                                                                              NYSED  Guidance

                                                                              • Bring in fresh outdoor air by opening doors and windows (when it does not present a safety hazard.)

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                                                                              15. Mitigation Protocol: Transportation

                                                                              —High Community Transmission

                                                                              Masking:

                                                                              • Passengers and drivers must wear a mask on school buses, including on buses operated by public and private school systems, regardless of vaccination status, subject to the exclusions and exemptions in CDC’s Order.

                                                                              Ventilation:

                                                                              • Please refer to Ventilation and Air Quality section.
                                                                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                              Substantial Community Transmission

                                                                              Masking:

                                                                              • Passengers and drivers must wear a mask on school buses, including on buses operated by public and private school systems, regardless of vaccination status, subject to the exclusions and exemptions in CDC’s Order.

                                                                              Ventilation:

                                                                              • Please refer to Ventilation and Air Quality section.
                                                                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                              Moderate Community Transmission

                                                                              Masking:

                                                                              • Passengers and drivers must wear a mask on school buses, including on buses operated by public and private school systems, regardless of vaccination status, subject to the exclusions and exemptions in CDC’s Order.

                                                                              Ventilation:

                                                                              • Please refer to Ventilation and Air Quality section.
                                                                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                              Low Community Transmission

                                                                              Masking:

                                                                              • Passengers and drivers must wear a mask on school buses, including on buses operated by public and private school systems, regardless of vaccination status, subject to the exclusions and exemptions in CDC’s Order.

                                                                              Ventilation:

                                                                              • Please refer to Ventilation and Air Quality section.

                                                                              NYSED Guidance

                                                                              • Physical distancing not required as per CDC order.

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                                                                                  16. Mitigation Protocol: High Risk Activities (Athletics & the Arts): Activities that involve singing, shouting, band, and exercise that could lead to increased exhalation

                                                                                  —High Community Transmission

                                                                                  • Cancel or hold high-risk sports and extracurricular activities virtually to protect in- person learning, unless all participants are fully vaccinated.

                                                                                  NYSED Guidance

                                                                                  • Follow same school-day policies and procedures during athletic and extracurricul ar activities.
                                                                                  • Students with COVID- 19 symptoms should refrain from these activities and be tested.
                                                                                  • See Recess and Physical Education (Outdoors) section for sport risk factors.

                                                                                  Substantial Community Transmission

                                                                                  Screening testing:

                                                                                  • Offer screening and testing at least once per week for participants who are not fully vaccinated.
                                                                                  • Routinely test student athletes, participants, coaches, trainers, and other people (such as adult volunteers) who are not fully vaccinated and could come into close contact with others.
                                                                                  • Implementing screening testing for those who are not fully vaccinated up to 24 hours before the event.

                                                                                  Moderate Community Transmission

                                                                                  Screening testing:

                                                                                  • Offer screening and testing at least once per week for participants who are not fully vaccinated.
                                                                                  • Routinely test student athletes, participants, coaches, trainers, and other people (such as adult volunteers) who are not fully vaccinated and could come into close contact with others.
                                                                                  • Implementing screening testing for those who are not fully vaccinated up to 24 hours before the event.

                                                                                  Low Community Transmission

                                                                                  Screening testing:

                                                                                  • Offer screening and testing at least once per week for participants who are not fully vaccinated.
                                                                                  • Routinely test student athletes, participants, coaches, trainers, and other people (such as adult volunteers) who are not fully vaccinated and could come into close contact with others.
                                                                                  • Implementing screening testing for those who are not fully vaccinated up to 24 hours before the event.

                                                                                  NYSED Guidance

                                                                                  • Follow same school-day policies and procedures during athletic and extracurricular activities.
                                                                                  • Students with COVID-19 symptoms should refrain from these activities and be tested.
                                                                                  • See Recess and Physical Education (Outdoors) section for sport risk factors.

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                                                                                      17. Mitigation Protocol: Low- and Intermediate- Risk Sports

                                                                                      —High Community Transmission

                                                                                      Screening testing:

                                                                                      • Recommend screening testing for low- and intermediate-risk sports at least once per week for participants who are not fully vaccinated.

                                                                                      NYSED Guidance:

                                                                                      • See Recess and Physical Education (Outdoors) section for sport risk factors.

                                                                                      Substantial Community Transmission

                                                                                      Screening testing:

                                                                                      • Recommend screening testing for low- and intermediate-risk sports at least once per week for participants who are not fully vaccinated.

                                                                                      Moderate Community Transmission

                                                                                      Screening testing:

                                                                                      • Recommend screening testing for low- and intermediate-risk sports at least once per week for participants who are not fully vaccinated.

                                                                                      Low Community Transmission

                                                                                      Screening testing:

                                                                                      • You do not need to screen students participating in low- and intermediate-risk sports.

                                                                                      NYSED Guidance

                                                                                      • See Recess and Physical Education (Outdoors) section for sport risk factors.

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                                                                                          18. Mitigation Protocol: Student and Staff Grouping (Cohorting)

                                                                                          —High Community Transmission

                                                                                          • Cohorting recommended.

                                                                                          General Info:

                                                                                          • Use cohorting to limit the number of students, teachers, and staff who come in contact with each other.
                                                                                          • Use especially when it is challenging to maintain physical distancing, such as among young children.
                                                                                          • Cohorting can limit the spread of COVID-19 between cohorts but should not replace other prevention measures.
                                                                                          • Cohorting people who are fully vaccinated and people who are not fully vaccinated into separate cohorts is not recommended.
                                                                                          • Guidance to be considered for moderate to high levels of community transmission.

                                                                                          Substantial Community Transmission

                                                                                          • Cohorting recommended.

                                                                                          General Info:

                                                                                          • Use cohorting to limit the number of students, teachers, and staff who come in contact with each other.
                                                                                          • Use especially when it is challenging to maintain physical distancing, such as among young children.
                                                                                          • Cohorting can limit the spread of COVID-19 between cohorts but should not replace other prevention measures.
                                                                                          • Cohorting people who are fully vaccinated and people who are not fully vaccinated into separate cohorts is not recommended.
                                                                                          • Guidance to be considered for moderate to high levels of community transmission.

                                                                                          Moderate Community Transmission

                                                                                          • Cohorting recommended.

                                                                                          General Info:

                                                                                          • Use cohorting to limit the number of students, teachers, and staff who come in contact with each other.
                                                                                          • Use especially when it is challenging to maintain physical distancing, such as among young children.
                                                                                          • Cohorting can limit the spread of COVID-19 between cohorts but should not replace other prevention measures.
                                                                                          • Cohorting people who are fully vaccinated and people who are not fully vaccinated into separate cohorts is not recommended.

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                                                                                              19. Mitigation Protocol: Contact Tracing

                                                                                              —High Community Transmission

                                                                                              Notifications and Reporting:

                                                                                              • Collaborate with state and local health officials to confidentially provide information about people diagnosed with or exposed to COVID-19, to the extent allowable by privacy laws and other applicable laws.
                                                                                              • Report new diagnoses of COVID-19, to the extent allowable by applicable privacy laws, to state or local health officials as soon as they are informed.
                                                                                              • Notify teachers, staff, and families of students who were close contacts as soon as possible (within the same day if possible), to the extent allowable by applicable privacy laws, after the school is notified that someone in the school has tested positive.

                                                                                              Close Contacts:

                                                                                              • Close contact is defined as someone who was within 6 feet for a total of 15 minutes or more within 2 days prior to illness onset, regardless of whether the contact was wearing a mask.

                                                                                              Exception:

                                                                                              • In the K–12 indoor classroom setting, the close contact definition excludes students who were within 3 to 6 feet of an infected student if both the infected student and the exposed student(s) correctly and consistently wore well-fitting masks the entire time.
                                                                                              •  This exception does not apply to teachers, staff, or other adults in the indoor classroom setting.

                                                                                              Testing:

                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated close contacts should be referred for COVID-19 testing.
                                                                                              • Close contacts who are not fully vaccinated should be referred for COVID-19 testing.

                                                                                              Masking:

                                                                                              • Close contacts should correctly wear masks in school.
                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated close contacts should also wear a mask in other indoor public settings for 14 days or until they receive a negative test result.

                                                                                              Quarantine:

                                                                                              • Close contacts who are not fully vaccinated, regardless of test result, should quarantine at home for 14 days after exposure.
                                                                                              • Consult with local health officials for options to shorten quarantine (alternatives of a 10-day quarantine or a 7-day quarantine combined with testing and a negative test result.)
                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated, asymptomatic people do not need to quarantine.
                                                                                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                                              Substantial Community Transmission

                                                                                              Notifications and Reporting:

                                                                                              • Collaborate with state and local health officials to confidentially provide information about people diagnosed with or exposed to COVID-19, to the extent allowable by privacy laws and other applicable laws.
                                                                                              • Report new diagnoses of COVID-19, to the extent allowable by applicable privacy laws, to state or local health officials as soon as they are informed.
                                                                                              • Notify teachers, staff, and families of students who were close contacts as soon as possible (within the same day if possible), to the extent allowable by applicable privacy laws, after the school is notified that someone in the school has tested positive.

                                                                                              Close Contacts:

                                                                                              • Close contact is defined as someone who was within 6 feet for a total of 15 minutes or more within 2 days prior to illness onset, regardless of whether the contact was wearing a mask.

                                                                                              Exception:

                                                                                              • In the K–12 indoor classroom setting, the close contact definition excludes students who were within 3 to 6 feet of an infected student if both the infected student and the exposed student(s) correctly and consistently wore well-fitting masks the entire time.
                                                                                              •  This exception does not apply to teachers, staff, or other adults in the indoor classroom setting.

                                                                                              Testing:

                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated close contacts should be referred for COVID-19 testing.
                                                                                              • Close contacts who are not fully vaccinated should be referred for COVID-19 testing.

                                                                                              Masking:

                                                                                              • Close contacts should correctly wear masks in school.
                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated close contacts should also wear a mask in other indoor public settings for 14 days or until they receive a negative test result.

                                                                                              Quarantine:

                                                                                              • Close contacts who are not fully vaccinated, regardless of test result, should quarantine at home for 14 days after exposure.
                                                                                              • Consult with local health officials for options to shorten quarantine (alternatives of a 10-day quarantine or a 7-day quarantine combined with testing and a negative test result.)
                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated, asymptomatic people do not need to quarantine.
                                                                                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                                              Moderate Community Transmission

                                                                                              Notifications and Reporting:

                                                                                              • Collaborate with state and local health officials to confidentially provide information about people diagnosed with or exposed to COVID-19, to the extent allowable by privacy laws and other applicable laws.
                                                                                              • Report new diagnoses of COVID-19, to the extent allowable by applicable privacy laws, to state or local health officials as soon as they are informed.
                                                                                              • Notify teachers, staff, and families of students who were close contacts as soon as possible (within the same day if possible), to the extent allowable by applicable privacy laws, after the school is notified that someone in the school has tested positive.

                                                                                              Close Contacts:

                                                                                              • Close contact is defined as someone who was within 6 feet for a total of 15 minutes or more within 2 days prior to illness onset, regardless of whether the contact was wearing a mask.

                                                                                              Exception:

                                                                                              • In the K–12 indoor classroom setting, the close contact definition excludes students who were within 3 to 6 feet of an infected student if both the infected student and the exposed student(s) correctly and consistently wore well-fitting masks the entire time.
                                                                                              •  This exception does not apply to teachers, staff, or other adults in the indoor classroom setting.

                                                                                              Testing:

                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated close contacts should be referred for COVID-19 testing.
                                                                                              • Close contacts who are not fully vaccinated should be referred for COVID-19 testing.

                                                                                              Masking:

                                                                                              • Close contacts should correctly wear masks in school.
                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated close contacts should also wear a mask in other indoor public settings for 14 days or until they receive a negative test result.

                                                                                              Quarantine:

                                                                                              • Close contacts who are not fully vaccinated, regardless of test result, should quarantine at home for 14 days after exposure.
                                                                                              • Consult with local health officials for options to shorten quarantine (alternatives of a 10-day quarantine or a 7-day quarantine combined with testing and a negative test result.)
                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated, asymptomatic people do not need to quarantine.
                                                                                              • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                                              Low Community Transmission

                                                                                              Notifications and Reporting:

                                                                                              • Collaborate with state and local health officials to confidentially provide information about people diagnosed with or exposed to COVID-19, to the extent allowable by privacy laws and other applicable laws.
                                                                                              • Report new diagnoses of COVID-19, to the extent allowable by applicable privacy laws, to state or local health officials as soon as they are informed.
                                                                                              • Notify teachers, staff, and families of students who were close contacts as soon as possible (within the same day if possible), to the extent allowable by applicable privacy laws, after the school is notified that someone in the school has tested positive.

                                                                                              Close Contacts:

                                                                                              • Close contact is defined as someone who was within 6 feet for a total of 15 minutes or more within 2 days prior to illness onset, regardless of whether the contact was wearing a mask.

                                                                                              Exception:

                                                                                              • In the K–12 indoor classroom setting, the close contact definition excludes students who were within 3 to 6 feet of an infected student if both the infected student and the exposed student(s) correctly and consistently wore well-fitting masks the entire time.
                                                                                              •  This exception does not apply to teachers, staff, or other adults in the indoor classroom setting.

                                                                                              Testing:

                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated close contacts should be referred for COVID-19 testing.
                                                                                              • Close contacts who are not fully vaccinated should be referred for COVID-19 testing.

                                                                                              Masking:

                                                                                              • Close contacts should correctly wear masks in school.
                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated close contacts should also wear a mask in other indoor public settings for 14 days or until they receive a negative test result.

                                                                                              Quarantine:

                                                                                              • Close contacts who are not fully vaccinated, regardless of test result, should quarantine at home for 14 days after exposure.
                                                                                              • Consult with local health officials for options to shorten quarantine (alternatives of a 10-day quarantine or a 7-day quarantine combined with testing and a negative test result.)
                                                                                              • Fully vaccinated, asymptomatic people do not need to quarantine.

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                                                                                                    20. Mitigation Protocol: School Workers

                                                                                                    —High Community Transmission

                                                                                                    At-Risk Workers:

                                                                                                    • Workers who have an underlying medical condition or are taking medication that weakens their immune system may NOT be fully protected even if fully vaccinated and may need to continue using additional prevention measures.

                                                                                                    Education/Training:

                                                                                                    • School administrators should educate workers on mental health awareness and share available mental health and counseling services.
                                                                                                    • School employers should engage and train all workers on potential workplace hazards, what precautions should be taken to protect workers, and workplace policies for reporting concerns.
                                                                                                    • Schools should ensure communication and training for all workers are frequent and easy to understand.

                                                                                                    Workplace Safety:

                                                                                                    • Maintain a safe and healthful workplace.
                                                                                                    • OSHA COVID-19 guidance contains recommendations to help employers provide a safe and healthy workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing, or are likely to cause, death or serious physical harm.
                                                                                                    • OSHA COVID-19 guidance contains descriptions of mandatory safety and health standards.
                                                                                                    • Administrators should conduct workplace hazard assessments periodically to identify COVID-19 transmission risks and prevention strategies, when worksite conditions change, or when there are instances of COVID-19 transmission within the workplace and include practices in COVID-19 prevention plans.
                                                                                                    • If a worker believes working conditions are unsafe or unhealthful, they or a representative may file a confidential safety and health complaint with OSHA at any time.
                                                                                                    • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                                                    Substantial Community Transmission

                                                                                                    At-Risk Workers:

                                                                                                    • Workers who have an underlying medical condition or are taking medication that weakens their immune system may NOT be fully protected even if fully vaccinated and may need to continue using additional prevention measures.

                                                                                                    Education/Training:

                                                                                                    • School administrators should educate workers on mental health awareness and share available mental health and counseling services.
                                                                                                    • School employers should engage and train all workers on potential workplace hazards, what precautions should be taken to protect workers, and workplace policies for reporting concerns.
                                                                                                    • Schools should ensure communication and training for all workers are frequent and easy to understand.

                                                                                                    Workplace Safety:

                                                                                                    • Maintain a safe and healthful workplace.
                                                                                                    • OSHA COVID-19 guidance contains recommendations to help employers provide a safe and healthy workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing, or are likely to cause, death or serious physical harm.
                                                                                                    • OSHA COVID-19 guidance contains descriptions of mandatory safety and health standards.
                                                                                                    • Administrators should conduct workplace hazard assessments periodically to identify COVID-19 transmission risks and prevention strategies, when worksite conditions change, or when there are instances of COVID-19 transmission within the workplace and include practices in COVID-19 prevention plans.
                                                                                                    • If a worker believes working conditions are unsafe or unhealthful, they or a representative may file a confidential safety and health complaint with OSHA at any time.
                                                                                                    • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                                                    Moderate Community Transmission

                                                                                                    At-Risk Workers:

                                                                                                    • Workers who have an underlying medical condition or are taking medication that weakens their immune system may NOT be fully protected even if fully vaccinated and may need to continue using additional prevention measures.

                                                                                                    Education/Training:

                                                                                                    • School administrators should educate workers on mental health awareness and share available mental health and counseling services.
                                                                                                    • School employers should engage and train all workers on potential workplace hazards, what precautions should be taken to protect workers, and workplace policies for reporting concerns.
                                                                                                    • Schools should ensure communication and training for all workers are frequent and easy to understand.

                                                                                                    Workplace Safety:

                                                                                                    • Maintain a safe and healthful workplace.
                                                                                                    • OSHA COVID-19 guidance contains recommendations to help employers provide a safe and healthy workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing, or are likely to cause, death or serious physical harm.
                                                                                                    • OSHA COVID-19 guidance contains descriptions of mandatory safety and health standards.
                                                                                                    • Administrators should conduct workplace hazard assessments periodically to identify COVID-19 transmission risks and prevention strategies, when worksite conditions change, or when there are instances of COVID-19 transmission within the workplace and include practices in COVID-19 prevention plans.
                                                                                                    • If a worker believes working conditions are unsafe or unhealthful, they or a representative may file a confidential safety and health complaint with OSHA at any time.
                                                                                                    • Guidance to be considered for all levels of community transmission.

                                                                                                    Low Community Transmission

                                                                                                    At-Risk Workers:

                                                                                                    • Workers who have an underlying medical condition or are taking medication that weakens their immune system may NOT be fully protected even if fully vaccinated and may need to continue using additional prevention measures.

                                                                                                    Education/Training:

                                                                                                    • School administrators should educate workers on mental health awareness and share available mental health and counseling services.
                                                                                                    • School employers should engage and train all workers on potential workplace hazards, what precautions should be taken to protect workers, and workplace policies for reporting concerns.
                                                                                                    • Schools should ensure communication and training for all workers are frequent and easy to understand.

                                                                                                    Workplace Safety:

                                                                                                    • Maintain a safe and healthful workplace.
                                                                                                    • OSHA COVID-19 guidance contains recommendations to help employers provide a safe and healthy workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing, or are likely to cause, death or serious physical harm.
                                                                                                    • OSHA COVID-19 guidance contains descriptions of mandatory safety and health standards.
                                                                                                    • Administrators should conduct workplace hazard assessments periodically to identify COVID-19 transmission risks and prevention strategies, when worksite conditions change, or when there are instances of COVID-19 transmission within the workplace and include practices in COVID-19 prevention plans.
                                                                                                    • If a worker believes working conditions are unsafe or unhealthful, they or a representative may file a confidential safety and health complaint with OSHA at any time.

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                                                                                                          OSHA – Guidance on Mitigating and Preventing the Spread of COVID-19 in the Workplace

                                                                                                          OSHA’s Protecting Workers: Guidance on Mitigating and Preventing the Spread of COVID-19 in the Workplace states, “most employers no longer need to take steps to protect their workers from COVID-19 exposure in any workplace, or well-defined portions of a workplace, where all employees are fully vaccinated. Employers should still take steps to protect unvaccinated or otherwise at-risk workers in their workplaces, or well-defined portions of workplaces.2” The footnote after this statement says “Schools should continue to follow applicable CDC guidance.”

                                                                                                          OSHA’s guidance is not a standard, however, employers must comply with safety and health standards and regulations issued. The General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1), requires employers to provide their workers with a safe and healthful workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm. OSHA’s guidance focuses on protections for unvaccinated and otherwise at-risk workers. These workers are at greater risk of severe illness and death from COVID-19. The guidance offers actions to abate hazards likely to cause death or serious physical harm and helps employers maintain a safe workplace that is in line with obligations from the General Duty Clause.

                                                                                                          Review the recommended roles to evaluate how your school district’s layered mitigation protocols align with OSHA prevention strategies.

                                                                                                          OSHA – The Roles of Employers and Workers in Responding to COVID-19

                                                                                                          • Grant paid time off for employees to get
                                                                                                          • Instruct any workers who are infected, unvaccinated workers who have had close contact with someone who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, and all workers with COVID-19 symptoms to stay home from work to prevent or reduce the risk of transmission of the virus that causes COVID-19.
                                                                                                          • Implement physical distancing for unvaccinated and otherwise at-risk workers in all communal work
                                                                                                          • Provide unvaccinated and otherwise at-risk workers with face coverings or surgical masks, unless their work task requires a respirator or other
                                                                                                          • Educate and train workers on your COVID-19 policies and procedures using accessible formats and in language they
                                                                                                          • Suggest that unvaccinated customers, visitors, or guests wear face coverings,
                                                                                                          • Maintain ventilation
                                                                                                          • Perform routine cleaning and
                                                                                                          • Record and report COVID-19 infections and deaths:
                                                                                                          • Implement protections from retaliation and set up an anonymous process for workers to voice concerns about COVID-19-related
                                                                                                          • Follow other applicable mandatory OSHA standards including requirements for PPE (29 CFR 1910, Subpart I (e.g., 1910.132 and 133)), respiratory protection (29 CFR 1910.134), sanitation (29 CFR 1910.141), protection from bloodborne pathogens: (29 CFR 1910.1030), and OSHA’s requirements for employee access to medical and exposure records (29 CFR 1910.1020). Employers are required under the General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act, to provide a safe and healthful workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm.

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